Immanuel: Lesson #4

Good Afternoon!

Immanuel: A 5 Lesson Advent Bible Study is almost concluded.  If you would like to start from the first lesson, you can find it here.

Immanuel: Lesson #4
Pause and Pray
Read Isaiah 9:6
Most often, the Hebrew word used in the Old Testament for eternal or eternity is “olam”.  This word is predominantly associated with Beer-sheba which is the place where Abraham and the Philistine leader swore an oath to one another at a well.  At this location, Abraham called upon El Olam — the Eternal God.  {see Genesis 21:22-34} *

Although very similar in definition, a different word choice is used in this verse of Isaiah for ‘everlasting’.  The word is “ ‘ad”.  This word means everlasting, duration, perpetuity, and is closely tied to a word that means “to advance”.**  An interesting characteristic about this particular word is that when used as a preposition with another Hebrew word, ‘ad  extends or supercharges that word into a much stronger and more dynamic meaning. “Avi’” changes from father into “Avi’ad”, the Father of Eternity. A father that would be of the past, the present and the indefinite future extending beyond into time with no end. *  This throne name emphasized the hope that the rulership would continue indefinitely.

Avi’ad — The Father of Eternity***

Let’s take it another step and take a look at everlasting in the Greek in the New Testament.  The usage of the Greek word, “aion” {aeon} indicates a lifetime, age, or of an indefinite time in the past or future.  The Greek adjective, “aionios” corresponds to the use of “aion” with reference to God.  “Aionios” is an unmeasured, undefined duration and should be translated ‘eternal’.  While the word, “Aidios”, should be translated ‘everlasting’ and lays stress upon permanence and unchangeableness.*

“Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God”  Psalm 90:2

Have you ever wished you could live forever?  Have you ever thought about God’s existence? How is your faith impacted when you consider the throne name, Everlasting Father?

Read Psalm 93
Our everlasting God established His reign.  His days are endless without beginning or end.  He was in the beginning. {Genesis 1:1}  He introduces Himself as the “I AM”, the Self-Existent One.  {see Exodus 3:14}

Read Hebrews 13:8; Revelation 1:8; 21:6; 22:13
The child to come, the One to reign who is, who was and who is to come and the Word that was God and with God in the beginning {see John 1:1,2} is Jesus, our Lord.

The Alpha and Omega.  The First and the Last.  The Beginning and the End.

Read Genesis 2:20-24
The first time in scripture that the word “father” is used is when God recognized a helpmate was needed for Adam and made Eve from the rib.

Our Father God created family.

This family relationship was important to Him so much so that God decreed a command to honor our fathers and mothers. {see Exodus 20:12}   As part of the Ten Commandments, this one was the first that dealt with people issues because the first four commands focus on our treatment of God, Himself.   God saw and sees value in the family unit as an extension of His relationship with us.

What comprises a family to you?  Why do you think God created families?  Why do you think He thought Adam needed a helpmate?  Why are families an important part of our experience with God?

Read 2 Samuel 7:1-4, 8-17; 1 Chronicles 28: 2-7
These passages are the first time in scripture where we see the Lord stating that He will be a father to someone.  The Lord had been referenced by others as the father of their father but it’s not until this moment in scripture that we see Him choose to state that familial relationship.  Isn’t it interesting that He chose the house of David and establishes his kingdom forever?

Read Luke 2:41-52
Even from an early age, Jesus talked of God in a very personal way.  To talk of the Lord as Father was unique.  The Jews felt to speak God’s name was misusing it because He was holy {see Exodus 20:7}.  They established other ways to refer to Him such as calling Him, “the Name”.  Primarily, He was referred to as Lord or God and viewed as remote.  Yet, Jesus comes and calls Him, Father and the people are astounded.
Jesus taught them about His Father who was near, involved in their lives, and intimate.  One of the ways He did this was by transforming the approach to prayer by teaching His followers and us who believe to appeal to God as Father {Matthew 6:9-13}. Jesus shows us an intimate look into His relationship with His Father when He cries out to Him, “Abba, Father…take this cup from me…” {see Mark 14:36}  As children of God, we also can cry out to our everlasting Father as “Abba”  which correlates with our English word, “Daddy.” {see Romans 8:15; Galatians 4:6}

Read Acts 13:16-39,44-48
Do you know Him as Father?  Have you received forgiveness of sins and become a new creation created in Christ Jesus? {see 2 Corinthians 5:17}
From everlasting to everlasting, He is God, the Father, God, the Son and God, the Holy Spirit.

“For God {the Father} so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.  For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.”  John 3:16,17

Blessings,

Mimi

*Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words  W.E. Vine
**The New Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible
***http://www.hebrew4christians.com

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