Category Archives: love

Under The Influence (Acoustic version) by Anointed

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Labels Are For Cans Not People – Coca Cola Video

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Live Like You’re Loved by Hawk Nelson

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The Twelve Apostles of Jesus: John

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Good Morning!

Last month, I began a summer series called The Twelve Apostles of JesusPeter, Andrew, and James are the apostles we’ve studied so far. Today, we will learn about John. 

“One of those days Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray, and spent the night praying to God. When morning came, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them, whom he also designated apostles: Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called the Zealot, Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.”Luke 6:12-16

John

While on the seashore preparing the nets for fishing, John was asked by Jesus to become one of his disciples. Scripture records that he left his father in the boat and followed Jesus (Mark 1:19,20). John shared the same experiences that they all had as followers of Jesus but he also experienced special times when Jesus took him aside with James his older brother and Peter. During those times, John was privileged to see events that astonished him but also revealed more about who Jesus was. He is often called the beloved disciple because of the references to him in the gospel of John as “the disciple whom Jesus loved.” (John 13:23;19:26; 21:7,20)

John is also thought to be the other disciple that followed John the Baptist (John 1:35-39), the other one at the house of Caiaphas following the arrest of Jesus (John 18:15,16), and the one who entered the tomb after Peter (John 20:3-8).

John displayed a zealous and passionate temper for the Lord (Luke 9:51-56). He expressed feelings of intolerance towards those who were not followers of Jesus.

“”Master,” said John,“we saw a man driving out demons in your name and we tried to stop him, because he was not one of us.” “Do not stop him,” Jesus said, “for whoever is not against you is for you.”” Luke 9:49-50

John had much to learn about the right way to be a follower of Jesus. His actions were corrected multiple times by Jesus. Perhaps this command of Jesus is the one that influenced John’s life the most.

“My command is this: Love each other as I have loved you. Greater love has no one than this, that he lay down his life for his friends. You are my friends if you do what I command. I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master’s business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you. You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you to go and bear fruit – fruit that will last. Then the Father will give you whatever you ask in my name. This is my command: Love each other.” John 15:12-17

After the Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus, John’s overriding message was about loving one another. Five books are traditionally ascribed to his authorship: The Gospel of John, 1,2,3 John and Revelation. These writings were all written late in the first century near the end of John’s life. Scholarly debate does exist as to certified authorship of his gospel but historically, the authorship swings in his favor. These writings display a simple and succinct writing skill and John’s uncanny ability to turn a memorable phrase. He wrote using opposites like light/ dark, love/hate, and black/ white to get his strong viewpoint across to the reader. They also contain some of the most beloved passages of scripture.

“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning.”  John 1:1,2

“For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.”  John 3:16,17

“This is how we know what love is: Jesus Christ laid down his life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers.” 1 John 3:16

“ We love because he first loved us.” 1 John 4:19

“And this is love: that we walk in obedience to his commands. As you have heard from the beginning, his command is that you walk in love.” 2 John 6

“Dear friend, do not imitate what is evil but what is good. Anyone who does what is good is from God. Anyone who does what is evil has not seen God.”         3 John 11

No middle ground existed for John. He felt a person must choose between following Jesus or not following him. John’s gospel also contains events not found in the other gospel accounts. If not for John, we would not have these stories: the wedding at Cana (John 2), the encounter with the Samaritan woman at the well (John 4), the resurrection of Lazarus (John 11), the washing of the disciples’ feet (John 13), and the priestly prayer of Jesus for his disciples (John 17). I think the most impactful statements that John recorded Jesus saying are the seven “I am” statements.

“I am the bread of life…” John 6:35

“I am the light of the world…” John 8:12

“I am the gate…” John 10:9

“I am the good shepherd…” John 10:11

“I am the resurrection and the life…” John 11:25

“I am the way, the truth and the life…” John 14:6

“I am the vine…” John 15:5

Jesus shared a special bond of friendship with John. At the Last Supper, Jesus had John seated next to him in the position reserved for the attendant who was usually the youngest at the meal. Perhaps because John might have been the youngest of his twelve apostles, Jesus had a big brother’s affection for him. John was the only apostle listed as present at the cross and Jesus tasked him with the responsibility of caring for Mary, his mother.

“When Jesus saw his mother there and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Dear woman, here is your son,” and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.” John 19:26, 27

Before Jesus returned to heaven, he shared a meal with his disciples on the shore of the Sea of Galilee. Jesus took Peter aside to speak with him but John followed them.

“Peter turned and saw that the disciple whom Jesus loved was following them. (This was the one who had leaned back against Jesus at the supper and had said, “Lord, who is going to betray you?”) When Peter saw him, he asked, “Lord, what about him?” Jesus answered, “If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you? You must follow me.” Because of this, the rumor spread among the brothers that this disciple would not die. But Jesus did not say that he would not die; he only said, “If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you?” This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down. We know that his testimony is true.” John 21:20-24

Some have entertained the idea that John never died because of this comment Jesus made to Peter before His Ascension. However, tradition holds that John was sentenced to being boiled in a vat of oil from which he emerged unharmed. What we do know is that John served as a pillar of the church (Galatians 2:9) and outlived all of his former companions. He was exiled to a penal colony on the Greek island of Patmos. On that island, John received an incredible revelation of Jesus Christ that believers are still trying to unravel and understand.

“The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants what must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, who testifies to everything he saw -that is, the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. … I, John, your brother and companion in the suffering and kingdom and patient endurance that are ours in Jesus, was on the island of Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus. On the Lord’s Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet, which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches…Write, therefore, what you have seen, what is now and what will take place later.” Revelation 1:1-2,9-11,19

Even though he encountered difficulties and trying times of refuting the infiltrating belief system of the Gnostics in the Early Church and the continual persecution for his faith, John didn’t give in to darkness and despair but kept preaching truth, eternal life, and above all, love. I think we could use a bit of John’s central message in our world today. 

“This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.” Dear friends, since God so loved us, we also ought to love one another.”  1 John 4:10,11

Questions to Consider

  1. What can I learn from the life of John about faith?
  2. Have I noticed changes in my life since I became a follower of Jesus Christ? Do I see changes in my attitude, my behavior, and the choices I make?
  3. Do I love others the way God wants me to love them?
  4. Which “I am” statement found in John’s gospel means the most to me and why?

Blessings,

Mimi

References: The NIV Study Bible Zondervan Publishing House 1985; Twelve Ordinary Men by John F. MacArthur; The Search for the Twelve Apostles by William S. McBirnie; The Daily Study Bible Series on the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John by William Barclay; blueletterbible.org;

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More Than You’ll Ever Know by Watermark

 

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Amazing Love by Newsboys

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Greek Words for Love in the New Testament

Good Morning!

I’d like to suggest that the word love is one of John’s favorite key words in his writings. We encountered this word many times throughout our study, What Love Is: The Letters of 1,2,3 John by Kelly Minter. Ancient Greek has four main words for love. Two of them are used often in the New Testament: agapao and phileo. Of the remaining two words, storge is used a few times and eros is not used at all in the Bible.

Agape

“The most common word for all forms of love in the New Testament is agape, agapao. This is one of the least common words in classical Greek, where it expresses, on the few occasions it occurs, that highest and noblest form of love which sees something infinitely precious in its object.” (1)

Agape [noun] and agapao [verb] according to Vine’s “are used in the New Testament

  • (a) to describe the attitude of God toward His Son, John 17:26; the human race, generally, John 3:16;… and to such as believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, particularly, John 14:21
  • (b) to convey His will to His children concerning their attitude one toward another, John 13:34, and toward all men, 1 Thessalonians 3:12 …
  • (c) to express the essential nature of God, 1 John 4:8.” (2)

“Love can be known only from the actions it prompts. God’s love is seen in the gift of His Son, 1 John 4:9,10. But obviously this is not the love of complacency, or affection, that is, it was not drawn out by any excellency in its objects, Romans 5:8. It was an exercise of the divine will in deliberate choice, made without assignable cause save that which lies in the nature of God Himself.”(3)

“In respect of agapao as used of God, it expresses the deep and constant “love” and interest of a perfect Being towards entirely unworthy objects, producing and fostering a reverential “love” in them towards the Giver, and a practical “love” towards those who are partakers of the same, and a desire to help others to seek the Giver.”(4)

Agape is also used of the love feast of believers in the New Testament. “Agape … is used in the plural in Jude 12, and in some manuscripts in 2 Peter 2:13… These love feasts arose from the common meals of the early churches. They may have had this origin in the private meals of Jewish households, with the addition of the observance of the Lord’s Supper.… In later times the agape became detached from the Lord’s Supper.”(5) 

Phileo

Phileo “is more naturally used of intimate affection, John 11:3,36 … and of liking to do things which are pleasant, Matthew 6:5, though there is considerable overlapping of usage between the two words.” (6)

From Strong’s Concordance, philéō means “to be a friend to (fond of (an individual or an object)), i.e. have affection for (denoting personal attachment, as a matter of sentiment or feeling; while [agapao] is wider, embracing especially the judgment and the deliberate assent of the will as a matter of principle, duty and propriety: … the former being chiefly of the heart and the latter of the head; specially, to kiss (as a mark of tenderness):—kiss, love.” (7)

Phileo “is to be distinguished from agapao in this, that phileo more nearly represents “tender affection.” The two words are used for the “love” of the Father for the Son, John 3:35, 5:20; for the believer, John 14:21,16:27; both, of Christ’s “love” for a certain disciple, John 13:23, 20:2. Yet the distinction between the two verbs remains, and they are never used indiscriminately in the same passage; if each is used with reference to the same objects, as just mentioned, each word retains its distinctive and essential character. Phileo is never used in a command to men to “love” God; … The distinction between the two verbs finds a conspicuous instance in the narrative of John 21:15-17. The context itself indicates that agapao in the first two questions suggests the “love” that values and esteems. It is an unselfish “love,” ready to serve. The use of phileo in Peter’s answers and the Lord’s third question, conveys the thought of cherishing the Object above all else, of manifesting an affection characterized by constancy, from the motive of the highest veneration.”(8)

“Again, to “love (phileo) life, from an undue desire to preserve it, forgetful of the real object of living, meets with the Lord’s reproof, John 12:25. On the contrary, to “love” life (agapao) as used in 1 Peter 3:10, is to consult the true interests of living. Here the word phileo would be quite inappropriate.”(9)

Storge

Storge is only used a few times. Below is one instance in the New Testament.

In Romans 12:10, “storge is used as part of a compound word with philos:” philostorgos “… is translated devoted or kindly affectionate. The breakdown of the word from Strong’s for philóstorgos: Phílos means “properly, dear, i.e. a friend; actively, fond, i.e. friendly (still as a noun, an associate, neighbor, etc.):—friend.” and “storgḗ (cherishing one’s kindred, especially parents or children); fond of natural relatives, i.e. fraternal towards fellow Christian.”(10)  Wikipedia records that “storge means “love, affection” and “especially of parents and children”… It’s the common or natural empathy, like that felt by parents for offspring… Rarely used in ancient works, and then almost exclusively as a descriptor of relationships within the family. It is also known to express mere acceptance or putting up with situations, as in “loving” the tyrant.”(11)

Eros

Éros means “love, mostly of the sexual passion.”[6] The Modern Greek word “erotas” means “intimate love.” Plato refined his own definition: Although eros is initially felt for a person, with contemplation it becomes an appreciation of the beauty within that person, or even becomes appreciation of beauty itself. Plato does not talk of physical attraction as a necessary part of love, hence the use of the word platonic to mean, “without physical attraction.” In the Symposium, the most famous ancient work on the subject, Plato has Socrates argue that eros helps the soul recall knowledge of beauty, and contributes to an understanding of spiritual truth, the ideal “Form” of youthful beauty that leads us humans to feel erotic desire…””(12)

Additional Material

McLean Bible Church has conveniently provided a helpful chart of these four Greek words for love adapted from Precept Ministries resource materials found here.

Blessings,

Mimi

Source materials
  1. The New Bible Dictionary  WM. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. Grand Rapids, Michigan 1962 p. 753
  2. Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words  W.E. Vine p.381-383
  3. Ibid
  4. Ibid
  5. Ibid
  6. The New Bible Dictionary  WM. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. Grand Rapids, Michigan 1962 p. 753
  7. Strong’s Concordance: https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G5368&t=KJV
  8. Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words  W.E. Vine p.381-383
  9. Ibid
  10. Strong’s Concordance: https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G5387&t=KJV
  11. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_words_for_love
  12. Ibid

 

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